(tuh-raz-oh) noun a mosaic flooring or paving composed of chips of broken stone,
usually marble, and cement polished when in place.
Terrazzo is a composite material, poured in place or precast, which is used for floor and wall treatments. It consists of marble, quartz, granite, glass, or other suitable chips, sprinkled or unsprinkled, and poured with a binder that is cementitious, chemical, or a combination of both. Terrazzo is cured and then ground and polished to a smooth surface or otherwise finished to produce a uniformly textured surface.
Generally, terrazzo is a mixture of marble chips and colored cement or epoxy that is poured into an area and given time to cure. Once the terrazzo has hardened, it is ground down to expose the interior of the marble chips among the colored matrix.
There are several different terrazzo systems that vary according to their matrices, aggregate, substructure, appearance and texture. Depending on the existing floor, owner preferences or architectural design, there are many suitable options available that will yield a beautiful flooring system.
Terrazzo is an extremely versatile material which can be applied in situ to floors and other surfaces, made into tiles or cast into moulds to almost any shape. It is probably the most widely used of all hard floorings, certainly in heavily trafficked areas. It is to be found in shopping malls, airports, railway and underground stations, hospitals and supermarkets.
What does terrazzo consist of?
In addition to marble chips, other materials may be used to complement the terrazzo floor. Glass, metals or mother-of-pearl may be used to create an attractive and unique floor surface. Different sized chips may be used together to create an interesting look.
These aggregates are then mixed into a matrix that may consist of either portland cement, epoxy resin, or some other bonding agent.
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